In the sections north of the Gate of St. Romanus, the steepness of the slopes of the Lycus valley made the construction maintenance of the moat problematic; it is probable therefore that the moat ended at the Gate of St. Romanus, and did not resume until after the Gate of Adrianople. , The Marble Tower, at the junction of the Propontis sea wall and the Theodosian Walls.  It has no Turkish name, and is of middle or late Byzantine construction. , The next harbour to the west is the large Harbour of Eleutherius or Theodosius, in the area known as Vlanga. Below, you’ll find our very own detailed, handcrafted map for exploring any section of the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople on your own. In Lavan, Luke; Zanini, Enrico; Sarantis, Alexander. The walls were largely maintained intact during most of the Ottoman period, until sections began to be dismantled in the 19th century, as the city outgrew its medieval boundaries.  It was known in late Ottoman times as the Tabak Kapı. It is part of the historic area of the city, to preserve and protect1. , The land walls run through the heart of modern Istanbul, with a belt of parkland flanking their course.  Only the approximate course of the wall is known: it began at the Church of St. Anthony at the Golden Horn, near the modern Atatürk Bridge, ran southwest and then southwards, passed east of the great open cisterns of Mocius and Aspar, and ended near the Church of the Theotokos of the Rhabdos on the Propontis coast, somewhere between the later sea gates of St. Aemilianus and Psamathos. , Further south was the Gate of the Phanarion (Πύλη τοῦ Φαναρίου, Pylē tou Phanariou), Turkish Fener Kapısı, named after the local light-tower (phanarion in Greek), which also gave its name to the local suburb. It is faced with carefully cut limestone blocks, while its core is filled with mortar made of lime and crushed bricks. Many of the restored sections of the wall are even open for climbing, often via steep stone stairs, for a bird’s eye view of this sprawling city. The scene above appears worse than it actually is.  They featured a room with windows on the level of the peribolos, crowned by a battlemented terrace, while their lower portions were either solid or featured small posterns, which allowed access to the outer terrace.  In late Byzantine times, a painting of the Crucifixion was allegedly placed on the gate, leading to its later Ottoman name, İsakapı ("Gate of Jesus"). An excellent map of Constantinople showing an outline of the approximate position of the Constantinian Wall as well as the later Theodosian Walls. A large-scale restoration program has been under way since the 1980s, which allows the visitor to appreciate their original appearance. It is very likely that this gate is to be identified with the Gate of Kalagros (Πύλη τοῦ Καλάγρου). In the late 19th century, it appears as the Örülü kapı ("Walled Gate").  The Patria also mention the existence of another wall during the siege of Byzantium by Constantine the Great (r. 306–337) during the latter's conflict with Licinius (r. 308–324), in 324. It was protected by massive walls that surrounded it on both land and seafront. Get facts about Classical Latin here. From there and until the Gate of Rhegion the wall follows a more or less straight line to the north, climbing the city's Seventh Hill. Finally, on 29 May, the decisive attack was launched, and when the Genoese general Giovanni Giustiniani was wounded and withdrew, causing a panic among the defenders, the walls were taken. The first Greek settlers built the city called Byzantium and its’ walls around 8th century BC. Employing the city's "Circus factions" in the work, the walls were restored in a record 60 days, according to the Byzantine chroniclers and three inscriptions found in situ. 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