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existentialism and absurdism in the stranger

A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. And humans do in fact possess the innate desire, or rather compulsion, to explain things and have things figured out-thus explaining their need to associate a purpose with the universe, even when it doesn’t necessarily exist. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. respects human being as unaccountable. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. The book, narrated by Meursault, is basically life detailed superficially by him. Camus’ famous novel, The Stranger, is a novel that reflects the idea of the absurd. He has no hope or purpose in his life. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, I was just afraid, which was only natural.” (Camus, 116) Meursault rejects the chaplain’s offer telling him that he has no interest in God. Throughout the story, Meursault refuses to adhere to the moral codes of society and murders an Arab, which leads him to months in prison and a … I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. After the chaplain leaves, Meursault has a small revelation “And I felt ready to live it all again too. Existentialism and the Absurd { Philosophy Index }. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Meursault has no discernable reason for his actions, such as his decision to marry Marie and his decision to kill the Arab. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Can we make sense of life at all? Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. Web. level of absurdism to the next level so it can really be seen. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. English Literature “Then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney (the magistrate). In 1939 he volunteered for service in WWII, but was rejected due to illness. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. N.p., n.d. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Study for free with our range of university lectures! 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. The Outsider, by Albert Camus, is such a study of absurdism. Existentalism, Absurdism, and The Stranger "A greater life for him cannot mean another life." Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. The absurd refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any, absurd does not mean “logically impossible,” but rather “humanly impossible.” (Kierkegaard, 19) Most of the Absurdist content of the novel comes near the end, where Meursault sits in his cell awaiting his execution, and gets in heated debate with the prison chaplain who tries to convert him to Christianity. When, “For no particular reason, [Mers.] Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. If one were to truly take a look at the universe, it would seem purposeless. Company Registration No: 4964706. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Similarly, is the stranger absurdist or existentialist? Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. He doesn’t care when his mother died, in fact the fact that he has to attend the funeral altogether is the most troubling part of this whole ordeal to him. 15 Jan. 2016. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. The Stranger. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. In the realist novel, The Stranger, contains powerful fullness of the idea of existentialism and absurdist philosophy. This book used both Existentialism and Absurdism to promote Meursault 's problem throughout the book. Reference this. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. “Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don’t know”. Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. In the beginning of part two Meursault expresses his true feelings for Maman’s death, those of hate and dislike. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. Perhaps the most important example of existentialism in the book is presented at the end of the novel when Meursault is sentenced to death, he faced it as an existentialist would have. In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. In 1941 he joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, an underground newspaper. Camus just takes Mers. The Idea of Existentialism in The Stranger 965 Words4 Pages Existentialism is defined as "a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will”. Works Cited "Absurdism." While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and how the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. Some rational explanation to the chaos and nonsense? Translated by Joris De Bres. In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. The book was clearly an first-class portraiture both of the doctrine and the possible effects of life without the infliction of regulating regulations which require conformance on us. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). No plagiarism, guaranteed! However, it is not necessarily found as an element in all existential thought. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. 1st Jan 1970 Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. Under the larger umbrella of existentialism, Absurdism is a concept that stresses individual freedom, happiness and the essential meaninglessness of the world . Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. It is, in fact, the process of creating value through rebellion that Camus believed we could create value for all … In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. “I probably did love Maman, but that didn’t mean anything. Whether or not there is purpose to the universe is an ontological and metaphysical subject, not one that can be realized through historical events. He uses Mers. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Existentialism focuses on the existence of free will and the development of the self through a person’s actions. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The Stranger is, above all else, an absurdist novel. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. Ironically, it is only the thought of imminent death that leads Meursault to acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. But what made this theory come about in the 19th century when it could have been realized centuries before? This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. Absurdism is often considered a branch of existentialism. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. Is there a logical meaning to life? As opposed to the multitude of books and manifestos approaching existentialism from an academic perspective, The Stranger approaches the philosophy by detailing a character with the belief innately in him and showing how someone like this might behave. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. While Absurdist might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. “I explained to him, however, that my nature was such that my physical needs often got in the way of my feelings,” (Camus, 65) Meursault shows this characteristic throughout part one of the book, during Maman’s burial he was very tired and kept falling asleep and was only aware was Maman’s death and the people that were in the same room as him. World Company, 1956. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. Answers.com 28 Mar. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. In any instanceThe Strangerprice reductions both the value of any workss and the hope of internal felicity based on a belief of divinity. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […] When he finally gets to the funeral, he couldn’t care less about his mother-as he rejects the offer to open the casket-but is utterly consumed by the days heat. “The Meaning of Life.” 2004. 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